Pregunta Git ignora el archivo para los proyectos de Xcode


¿Qué archivos debo incluir en .gitignore cuando usas Git junto con Xcode?


818
2017-09-08 11:07


origen


Respuestas:


Mods: no aprueben ediciones de esta respuesta. Hasta ahora, cada edición ha sido INCORRECTA y causa PÉRDIDA DE DATOS. Por favor deja esta respuesta solo!


Si quieres editar esta respuesta ... no. Primero lea todo: hay una manera fácil de hacer su propio tenedor, y si eso no es suficiente, coméntelo.


Anteriormente estaba usando la respuesta más votada, pero necesita un poco de limpieza, por lo que aquí se vuelve a hacer para Xcode 4, con algunas mejoras.

He investigado cada archivo en esta lista, pero varios de ellos no existen en los documentos oficiales de xcode de Apple, así que tuve que ir a las listas de correo de Apple.

Apple continúa agregando archivos no documentados, potencialmente corrompiendo nuestros proyectos en vivo. Esto en mi humilde opinión es inaceptable, y ahora he comenzado a registrar errores contra él cada vez que lo hacen. Sé que no les importa, pero tal vez avergüence a uno de ellos tratar a los desarrolladores de forma más justa.


Si necesita personalizar, aquí hay una idea básica que puede bifurcar: https://gist.github.com/3786883


#########################
# .gitignore file for Xcode4 and Xcode5 Source projects
#
# Apple bugs, waiting for Apple to fix/respond:
#
#    15564624 - what does the xccheckout file in Xcode5 do? Where's the documentation?
#
# Version 2.6
# For latest version, see: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/49478/git-ignore-file-for-xcode-projects
#
# 2015 updates:
# - Fixed typo in "xccheckout" line - thanks to @lyck for pointing it out!
# - Fixed the .idea optional ignore. Thanks to @hashier for pointing this out
# - Finally added "xccheckout" to the ignore. Apple still refuses to answer support requests about this, but in practice it seems you should ignore it.
# - minor tweaks from Jona and Coeur (slightly more precise xc* filtering/names)
# 2014 updates:
# - appended non-standard items DISABLED by default (uncomment if you use those tools)
# - removed the edit that an SO.com moderator made without bothering to ask me
# - researched CocoaPods .lock more carefully, thanks to Gokhan Celiker
# 2013 updates:
# - fixed the broken "save personal Schemes"
# - added line-by-line explanations for EVERYTHING (some were missing)
#
# NB: if you are storing "built" products, this WILL NOT WORK,
# and you should use a different .gitignore (or none at all)
# This file is for SOURCE projects, where there are many extra
# files that we want to exclude
#
#########################

#####
# OS X temporary files that should never be committed
#
# c.f. http://www.westwind.com/reference/os-x/invisibles.html

.DS_Store

# c.f. http://www.westwind.com/reference/os-x/invisibles.html

.Trashes

# c.f. http://www.westwind.com/reference/os-x/invisibles.html

*.swp

#
# *.lock - this is used and abused by many editors for many different things.
#    For the main ones I use (e.g. Eclipse), it should be excluded 
#    from source-control, but YMMV.
#   (lock files are usually local-only file-synchronization on the local FS that should NOT go in git)
# c.f. the "OPTIONAL" section at bottom though, for tool-specific variations!
#
# In particular, if you're using CocoaPods, you'll want to comment-out this line:
*.lock


#
# profile - REMOVED temporarily (on double-checking, I can't find it in OS X docs?)
#profile


####
# Xcode temporary files that should never be committed
# 
# NB: NIB/XIB files still exist even on Storyboard projects, so we want this...

*~.nib


####
# Xcode build files -
#
# NB: slash on the end, so we only remove the FOLDER, not any files that were badly named "DerivedData"

DerivedData/

# NB: slash on the end, so we only remove the FOLDER, not any files that were badly named "build"

build/


#####
# Xcode private settings (window sizes, bookmarks, breakpoints, custom executables, smart groups)
#
# This is complicated:
#
# SOMETIMES you need to put this file in version control.
# Apple designed it poorly - if you use "custom executables", they are
#  saved in this file.
# 99% of projects do NOT use those, so they do NOT want to version control this file.
#  ..but if you're in the 1%, comment out the line "*.pbxuser"

# .pbxuser: http://lists.apple.com/archives/xcode-users/2004/Jan/msg00193.html

*.pbxuser

# .mode1v3: http://lists.apple.com/archives/xcode-users/2007/Oct/msg00465.html

*.mode1v3

# .mode2v3: http://lists.apple.com/archives/xcode-users/2007/Oct/msg00465.html

*.mode2v3

# .perspectivev3: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/5223297/xcode-projects-what-is-a-perspectivev3-file

*.perspectivev3

#    NB: also, whitelist the default ones, some projects need to use these
!default.pbxuser
!default.mode1v3
!default.mode2v3
!default.perspectivev3


####
# Xcode 4 - semi-personal settings
#
# Apple Shared data that Apple put in the wrong folder
# c.f. http://stackoverflow.com/a/19260712/153422
#     FROM ANSWER: Apple says "don't ignore it"
#     FROM COMMENTS: Apple is wrong; Apple code is too buggy to trust; there are no known negative side-effects to ignoring Apple's unofficial advice and instead doing the thing that actively fixes bugs in Xcode
# Up to you, but ... current advice: ignore it.
*.xccheckout

#
#
# OPTION 1: ---------------------------------
#     throw away ALL personal settings (including custom schemes!
#     - unless they are "shared")
# As per build/ and DerivedData/, this ought to have a trailing slash
#
# NB: this is exclusive with OPTION 2 below
xcuserdata/

# OPTION 2: ---------------------------------
#     get rid of ALL personal settings, but KEEP SOME OF THEM
#     - NB: you must manually uncomment the bits you want to keep
#
# NB: this *requires* git v1.8.2 or above; you may need to upgrade to latest OS X,
#    or manually install git over the top of the OS X version
# NB: this is exclusive with OPTION 1 above
#
#xcuserdata/**/*

#     (requires option 2 above): Personal Schemes
#
#!xcuserdata/**/xcschemes/*

####
# Xcode 4 workspaces - more detailed
#
# Workspaces are important! They are a core feature of Xcode - don't exclude them :)
#
# Workspace layout is quite spammy. For reference:
#
# /(root)/
#   /(project-name).xcodeproj/
#     project.pbxproj
#     /project.xcworkspace/
#       contents.xcworkspacedata
#       /xcuserdata/
#         /(your name)/xcuserdatad/
#           UserInterfaceState.xcuserstate
#     /xcshareddata/
#       /xcschemes/
#         (shared scheme name).xcscheme
#     /xcuserdata/
#       /(your name)/xcuserdatad/
#         (private scheme).xcscheme
#         xcschememanagement.plist
#
#

####
# Xcode 4 - Deprecated classes
#
# Allegedly, if you manually "deprecate" your classes, they get moved here.
#
# We're using source-control, so this is a "feature" that we do not want!

*.moved-aside

####
# OPTIONAL: Some well-known tools that people use side-by-side with Xcode / iOS development
#
# NB: I'd rather not include these here, but gitignore's design is weak and doesn't allow
#     modular gitignore: you have to put EVERYTHING in one file.
#
# COCOAPODS:
#
# c.f. http://guides.cocoapods.org/using/using-cocoapods.html#what-is-a-podfilelock
# c.f. http://guides.cocoapods.org/using/using-cocoapods.html#should-i-ignore-the-pods-directory-in-source-control
#
#!Podfile.lock
#
# RUBY:
#
# c.f. http://yehudakatz.com/2010/12/16/clarifying-the-roles-of-the-gemspec-and-gemfile/
#
#!Gemfile.lock
#
# IDEA:
#
# c.f. https://www.jetbrains.com/objc/help/managing-projects-under-version-control.html?search=workspace.xml
# 
#.idea/workspace.xml
#
# TEXTMATE:
#
# -- UNVERIFIED: c.f. http://stackoverflow.com/a/50283/153422
#
#tm_build_errors

####
# UNKNOWN: recommended by others, but I can't discover what these files are
#

646
2017-08-18 19:22



Residencia en esta guía para Mercurial mi .gitignore incluye:

.DS_Store
*.swp
*~.nib

build/

*.pbxuser
*.perspective
*.perspectivev3

También elegí incluir:

*.mode1v3
*.mode2v3

que, según esta lista de correo de Apple post, son "configuraciones de proyecto específicas del usuario".

Y para Xcode 4:

xcuserdata

273
2017-09-08 11:14



En cuanto a la exclusión del directorio 'compilar' -

Si coloca sus archivos de compilación en un directorio diferente de su fuente, como yo lo hago, no tiene que preocuparse por la carpeta en el árbol.

Esto también simplifica la vida para compartir su código, evitar copias de seguridad infladas e incluso cuando tiene dependencias con otros proyectos Xcode (mientras que requiere que las compilaciones estén en el mismo directorio que las demás)

Puede obtener una copia actualizada de la esencia de Github https://gist.github.com/708713

Mi archivo .gitignore actual es

# Mac OS X
*.DS_Store

# Xcode
*.pbxuser
*.mode1v3
*.mode2v3
*.perspectivev3
*.xcuserstate
project.xcworkspace/
xcuserdata/

# Generated files
*.o
*.pyc


#Python modules
MANIFEST
dist/
build/

# Backup files
*~.nib

60
2017-12-08 10:42



Para Xcode 4 también agregué:

YourProjectName.xcodeproj/xcuserdata/*
YourProjectName.xcodeproj/project.xcworkspace/xcuserdata/*

55
2017-10-13 14:09



Incluí estas sugerencias en un Gist que creé en Github: http://gist.github.com/137348

Siéntete libre de bifurcarlo y hacerlo mejor.


24
2018-06-28 20:04



La gente de GitHub tiene archivos .gitignore exhaustivos y documentados para proyectos de Xcode:

Rápido:  https://github.com/github/gitignore/blob/master/Swift.gitignore

C objetivo:  https://github.com/github/gitignore/blob/master/Objective-C.gitignore


13
2017-08-04 18:30



Estoy usando AppCode y XCode. Asi que .idea/ debe ser ignorado

añadir esto a Adam .gitignore

####
# AppCode
.idea/

12
2018-04-17 13:57



El mío es un .bzrignore, pero la misma idea :)

.DS_Store
*.mode1v3
*.pbxuser
*.perspectivev3
*.tm_build_errors

tm_build_errors es para cuando uso TextMate para construir mi proyecto. No es tan completo como Hagelin, pero pensé que valía la pena publicarlo para la línea tm_build_errors.


10
2017-09-08 17:51



Aquí hay un script que hice para crear automáticamente tus archivos .gitignore y .gitattributes usando Xcode ... Lo pirateé junto con algunas cosas de otras personas. ¡Que te diviertas!

Xcode-Git-User-Script

Sin garantías ... Apesto en la mayor parte de esto, así que utilícelo a su propio riesgo


10
2018-02-01 21:33



Debes pagar gitignore.io para Objective C y Swift

Aquí está el .gitignore archivo que estoy usando

# Xcode
.DS_Store
*/build/*
*.pbxuser
!default.pbxuser
*.mode1v3
!default.mode1v3
*.mode2v3
!default.mode2v3
*.perspectivev3
!default.perspectivev3
xcuserdata
profile
*.moved-aside
DerivedData
.idea/
*.hmap
*.xccheckout
*.xcworkspace
!default.xcworkspace

#CocoaPods
Pods

10
2017-09-25 09:14