Pregunta c # Cambiar el tamaño de la imagen a diferentes tamaños mientras se conserva la relación de aspecto


Estoy tratando de cambiar el tamaño de una imagen conservando la relación de aspecto de la imagen original para que la nueva imagen no se vea aplastada.

p.ej:

Convierta una imagen de 150 * 100 en una imagen de 150 * 150.
  Los 50 píxeles adicionales de la altura deben rellenarse con un fondo de color blanco.

Este es el código actual que estoy usando.

Funciona bien para cambiar el tamaño, pero al cambiar la relación de aspecto de la imagen original se aplasta la nueva imagen.

private void resizeImage(string path, string originalFilename, 
                         int width, int height)
    {
        Image image = Image.FromFile(path + originalFilename);

        System.Drawing.Image thumbnail = new Bitmap(width, height);
        System.Drawing.Graphics graphic = 
                     System.Drawing.Graphics.FromImage(thumbnail);

        graphic.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
        graphic.SmoothingMode = SmoothingMode.HighQuality;
        graphic.PixelOffsetMode = PixelOffsetMode.HighQuality;
        graphic.CompositingQuality = CompositingQuality.HighQuality;

        graphic.DrawImage(image, 0, 0, width, height);

        System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageCodecInfo[] info =
                         ImageCodecInfo.GetImageEncoders();
        EncoderParameters encoderParameters;
        encoderParameters = new EncoderParameters(1);
        encoderParameters.Param[0] = new EncoderParameter(Encoder.Quality,
                         100L);            
        thumbnail.Save(path + width + "." + originalFilename, info[1], 
                         encoderParameters);
    }

EDITAR: me gustaría tener la imagen acolchada en lugar de recortada


73
2017-12-21 14:59


origen


Respuestas:


Esto debería hacerlo.

private void resizeImage(string path, string originalFilename, 
                     /* note changed names */
                     int canvasWidth, int canvasHeight, 
                     /* new */
                     int originalWidth, int originalHeight)
{
    Image image = Image.FromFile(path + originalFilename);

    System.Drawing.Image thumbnail = 
        new Bitmap(canvasWidth, canvasHeight); // changed parm names
    System.Drawing.Graphics graphic = 
                 System.Drawing.Graphics.FromImage(thumbnail);

    graphic.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
    graphic.SmoothingMode = SmoothingMode.HighQuality;
    graphic.PixelOffsetMode = PixelOffsetMode.HighQuality;
    graphic.CompositingQuality = CompositingQuality.HighQuality;

    /* ------------------ new code --------------- */

    // Figure out the ratio
    double ratioX = (double) canvasWidth / (double) originalWidth;
    double ratioY = (double) canvasHeight / (double) originalHeight;
    // use whichever multiplier is smaller
    double ratio = ratioX < ratioY ? ratioX : ratioY;

    // now we can get the new height and width
    int newHeight = Convert.ToInt32(originalHeight * ratio);
    int newWidth = Convert.ToInt32(originalWidth * ratio);

    // Now calculate the X,Y position of the upper-left corner 
    // (one of these will always be zero)
    int posX = Convert.ToInt32((canvasWidth - (originalWidth * ratio)) / 2);
    int posY = Convert.ToInt32((canvasHeight - (originalHeight * ratio)) / 2);

    graphic.Clear(Color.White); // white padding
    graphic.DrawImage(image, posX, posY, newWidth, newHeight);

    /* ------------- end new code ---------------- */

    System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageCodecInfo[] info =
                     ImageCodecInfo.GetImageEncoders();
    EncoderParameters encoderParameters;
    encoderParameters = new EncoderParameters(1);
    encoderParameters.Param[0] = new EncoderParameter(Encoder.Quality,
                     100L);            
    thumbnail.Save(path + newWidth + "." + originalFilename, info[1], 
                     encoderParameters);
}

Editado para agregar:

Aquellos que quieran mejorar este código deberían ponerlo en los comentarios, o en una nueva respuesta. No edite este código directamente.


95
2018-01-04 19:43



Descubrí cómo redimensionar Y rellenar la imagen aprendiendo de esto este artículo de CodeProject.

static Image FixedSize(Image imgPhoto, int Width, int Height)
    {
        int sourceWidth = imgPhoto.Width;
        int sourceHeight = imgPhoto.Height;
        int sourceX = 0;
        int sourceY = 0;
        int destX = 0;
        int destY = 0;

        float nPercent = 0;
        float nPercentW = 0;
        float nPercentH = 0;

        nPercentW = ((float)Width / (float)sourceWidth);
        nPercentH = ((float)Height / (float)sourceHeight);
        if (nPercentH < nPercentW)
        {
            nPercent = nPercentH;
            destX = System.Convert.ToInt16((Width -
                          (sourceWidth * nPercent)) / 2);
        }
        else
        {
            nPercent = nPercentW;
            destY = System.Convert.ToInt16((Height -
                          (sourceHeight * nPercent)) / 2);
        }

        int destWidth = (int)(sourceWidth * nPercent);
        int destHeight = (int)(sourceHeight * nPercent);

        Bitmap bmPhoto = new Bitmap(Width, Height,
                          PixelFormat.Format24bppRgb);
        bmPhoto.SetResolution(imgPhoto.HorizontalResolution,
                         imgPhoto.VerticalResolution);

        Graphics grPhoto = Graphics.FromImage(bmPhoto);
        grPhoto.Clear(Color.Red);
        grPhoto.InterpolationMode =
                InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;

        grPhoto.DrawImage(imgPhoto,
            new Rectangle(destX, destY, destWidth, destHeight),
            new Rectangle(sourceX, sourceY, sourceWidth, sourceHeight),
            GraphicsUnit.Pixel);

        grPhoto.Dispose();
        return bmPhoto;
    }

66
2018-01-04 19:03



Uso el siguiente método para calcular el tamaño de imagen deseado:

using System.Drawing;
public static Size ResizeKeepAspect(Size CurrentDimensions, int maxWidth, int maxHeight)
{
    int newHeight = CurrentDimensions.Height;
    int newWidth = CurrentDimensions.Width;
    if (maxWidth > 0 && newWidth > maxWidth) //WidthResize
    {
        Decimal divider = Math.Abs((Decimal)newWidth / (Decimal)maxWidth);
        newWidth = maxWidth;
        newHeight = (int)Math.Round((Decimal)(newHeight / divider));
    }
    if (maxHeight > 0 && newHeight > maxHeight) //HeightResize
    {
        Decimal divider = Math.Abs((Decimal)newHeight / (Decimal)maxHeight);
        newHeight = maxHeight;
        newWidth = (int)Math.Round((Decimal)(newWidth / divider));
    }
    return new Size(newWidth, newHeight);
}

Esto pone el problema de la relación de aspecto en un método separado que devuelve solo las nuevas dimensiones de la imagen.

Actualizar:

Aquí hay una versión más corta:

public static Size ResizeKeepAspect(Size src, int maxWidth, int maxHeight)
{
    decimal rnd = Math.Min(maxWidth / (decimal)src.Width, maxHeight / (decimal)src.Height);
    return new Size((int)Math.Round(src.Width * rnd), (int)Math.Round(src.Height * rnd));
}

15
2018-06-30 13:16



Solo generalizándolo a relaciones de aspecto y tamaños, las imágenes se pueden hacer fuera de esta función

public static d.RectangleF ScaleRect(d.RectangleF dest, d.RectangleF src, 
  bool keepWidth, bool keepHeight)  
{
    d.RectangleF destRect = new d.RectangleF();

    float sourceAspect = src.Width / src.Height;
    float destAspect = dest.Width / dest.Height;

    if (sourceAspect > destAspect)
    {
        // wider than high keep the width and scale the height
        destRect.Width = dest.Width;
        destRect.Height = dest.Width / sourceAspect;

        if (keepHeight)
        {
            float resizePerc = dest.Height / destRect.Height;
            destRect.Width = dest.Width * resizePerc;
            destRect.Height = dest.Height;
        }
    }
    else
    {
        // higher than wide – keep the height and scale the width
        destRect.Height = dest.Height;
        destRect.Width = dest.Height * sourceAspect;

        if (keepWidth)
        {
            float resizePerc = dest.Width / destRect.Width;
            destRect.Width = dest.Width;
            destRect.Height = dest.Height * resizePerc;
        }

    }

    return destRect;
}

7
2018-03-15 18:11



Para obtener un resultado más rápido, la función que obtiene el tamaño se puede encontrar en resultSize:

Size original = new Size(640, 480);

int maxSize = 100;

float percent = (new List<float> { (float)maxSize / (float)original.Width , (float)maxSize  / (float)original.Height }).Min();

Size resultSize = new Size((int)Math.Floor(original.Width * percent), (int)Math.Floor(original.Height * percent));

Usos Linq para minimizar variables y recálculos, así como innecesarios if/else declaraciones


7
2017-09-15 18:30



Voy a agregar mi código aquí también. Este código le permitirá cambiar el tamaño de una imagen con o sin la relación de aspecto que se aplica o para cambiar el tamaño con el relleno. Esta es una versión modificada del código de egrunin.

using System.Drawing;
using System.Drawing.Drawing2D;
using System.Drawing.Imaging;
using System.IO;

namespace ConsoleApplication1
{
    public class Program
    {
        public static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            var path = Directory.GetParent(Directory.GetCurrentDirectory()).Parent.FullName;
            ResizeImage(path, "large.jpg", path, "new.jpg", 100, 100, true, true);
        }

        /// <summary>Resizes an image to a new width and height.</summary>
        /// <param name="originalPath">The folder which holds the original image.</param>
        /// <param name="originalFileName">The file name of the original image.</param>
        /// <param name="newPath">The folder which will hold the resized image.</param>
        /// <param name="newFileName">The file name of the resized image.</param>
        /// <param name="maximumWidth">When resizing the image, this is the maximum width to resize the image to.</param>
        /// <param name="maximumHeight">When resizing the image, this is the maximum height to resize the image to.</param>
        /// <param name="enforceRatio">Indicates whether to keep the width/height ratio aspect or not. If set to false, images with an unequal width and height will be distorted and padding is disregarded. If set to true, the width/height ratio aspect is maintained and distortion does not occur.</param>
        /// <param name="addPadding">Indicates whether fill the smaller dimension of the image with a white background. If set to true, the white padding fills the smaller dimension until it reach the specified max width or height. This is used for maintaining a 1:1 ratio if the max width and height are the same.</param>
        private static void ResizeImage(string originalPath, string originalFileName, string newPath, string newFileName, int maximumWidth, int maximumHeight, bool enforceRatio, bool addPadding)
        {
            var image = Image.FromFile(originalPath + "\\" + originalFileName);
            var imageEncoders = ImageCodecInfo.GetImageEncoders();
            EncoderParameters encoderParameters = new EncoderParameters(1);
            encoderParameters.Param[0] = new EncoderParameter(Encoder.Quality, 100L);
            var canvasWidth = maximumWidth;
            var canvasHeight = maximumHeight;
            var newImageWidth = maximumWidth;
            var newImageHeight = maximumHeight;
            var xPosition = 0;
            var yPosition = 0;


            if (enforceRatio)
            {
                var ratioX = maximumWidth / (double)image.Width;
                var ratioY = maximumHeight / (double)image.Height;
                var ratio = ratioX < ratioY ? ratioX : ratioY;
                newImageHeight = (int)(image.Height * ratio);
                newImageWidth = (int)(image.Width * ratio);

                if (addPadding)
                {
                    xPosition = (int)((maximumWidth - (image.Width * ratio)) / 2);
                    yPosition = (int)((maximumHeight - (image.Height * ratio)) / 2);
                }
                else
                {
                    canvasWidth = newImageWidth;
                    canvasHeight = newImageHeight;                  
                }
            }

            var thumbnail = new Bitmap(canvasWidth, canvasHeight);
            var graphic = Graphics.FromImage(thumbnail);

            if (enforceRatio && addPadding)
            {
                graphic.Clear(Color.White);
            }

            graphic.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
            graphic.SmoothingMode = SmoothingMode.HighQuality;
            graphic.PixelOffsetMode = PixelOffsetMode.HighQuality;
            graphic.CompositingQuality = CompositingQuality.HighQuality;
            graphic.DrawImage(image, xPosition, yPosition, newImageWidth, newImageHeight);

            thumbnail.Save(newPath + "\\" + newFileName, imageEncoders[1], encoderParameters);
        }
    }
}

6
2018-02-15 21:05



Nota: este código cambia el tamaño y elimina todo lo que esté fuera de la relación de aspecto en lugar de rellenarlo.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Drawing.Imaging;
using System.IO;

namespace MyPhotos.Common
{
    public class ThumbCreator
    {

        public enum VerticalAlign
        {
            Top,
            Middle,
            Bottom
        }

        public enum HorizontalAlign
        {
            Left,
            Middle,
            Right
        }

        public void Convert(string sourceFile, string targetFile, ImageFormat targetFormat, int height, int width, VerticalAlign valign, HorizontalAlign halign)
        {
            using (Image img = Image.FromFile(sourceFile))
            {
                using (Image targetImg = Convert(img, height, width, valign, halign))
                {
                    string directory = Path.GetDirectoryName(targetFile);
                    if (!Directory.Exists(directory))
                    {
                        Directory.CreateDirectory(directory);
                    }
                    if (targetFormat == ImageFormat.Jpeg)
                    {
                        SaveJpeg(targetFile, targetImg, 100);
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        targetImg.Save(targetFile, targetFormat);
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        /// <summary> 
        /// Saves an image as a jpeg image, with the given quality 
        /// </summary> 
        /// <param name="path">Path to which the image would be saved.</param> 
        // <param name="quality">An integer from 0 to 100, with 100 being the 
        /// highest quality</param> 
        public static void SaveJpeg(string path, Image img, int quality)
        {
            if (quality < 0 || quality > 100)
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("quality must be between 0 and 100.");


            // Encoder parameter for image quality 
            EncoderParameter qualityParam =
                new EncoderParameter(System.Drawing.Imaging.Encoder.Quality, quality);
            // Jpeg image codec 
            ImageCodecInfo jpegCodec = GetEncoderInfo("image/jpeg");

            EncoderParameters encoderParams = new EncoderParameters(1);
            encoderParams.Param[0] = qualityParam;

            img.Save(path, jpegCodec, encoderParams);
        }

        /// <summary> 
        /// Returns the image codec with the given mime type 
        /// </summary> 
        private static ImageCodecInfo GetEncoderInfo(string mimeType)
        {
            // Get image codecs for all image formats 
            ImageCodecInfo[] codecs = ImageCodecInfo.GetImageEncoders();

            // Find the correct image codec 
            for (int i = 0; i < codecs.Length; i++)
                if (codecs[i].MimeType == mimeType)
                    return codecs[i];
            return null;
        }

        public Image Convert(Image img, int height, int width, VerticalAlign valign, HorizontalAlign halign)
        {
            Bitmap result = new Bitmap(width, height);
            using (Graphics g = Graphics.FromImage(result))
            {
                g.SmoothingMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.HighQuality;
                g.InterpolationMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
                float ratio = (float)height / (float)img.Height;
                int temp = (int)((float)img.Width * ratio);
                if (temp == width)
                {
                    //no corrections are needed!
                    g.DrawImage(img, 0, 0, width, height);
                    return result;
                }
                else if (temp > width)
                {
                    //den e för bred!
                    int overFlow = (temp - width);
                    if (halign == HorizontalAlign.Middle)
                    {
                        g.DrawImage(img, 0 - overFlow / 2, 0, temp, height);
                    }
                    else if (halign == HorizontalAlign.Left)
                    {
                        g.DrawImage(img, 0, 0, temp, height);
                    }
                    else if (halign == HorizontalAlign.Right)
                    {
                        g.DrawImage(img, -overFlow, 0, temp, height);
                    }
                }
                else
                {
                    //den e för hög!
                    ratio = (float)width / (float)img.Width;
                    temp = (int)((float)img.Height * ratio);
                    int overFlow = (temp - height);
                    if (valign == VerticalAlign.Top)
                    {
                        g.DrawImage(img, 0, 0, width, temp);
                    }
                    else if (valign == VerticalAlign.Middle)
                    {
                        g.DrawImage(img, 0, -overFlow / 2, width, temp);
                    }
                    else if (valign == VerticalAlign.Bottom)
                    {
                        g.DrawImage(img, 0, -overFlow, width, temp);
                    }
                }
            }
            return result;
        }
    }
}

4
2017-12-21 15:04



// This allows us to resize the image. It prevents skewed images and 
// also vertically long images caused by trying to maintain the aspect 
// ratio on images who's height is larger than their width

public void ResizeImage(string OriginalFile, string NewFile, int NewWidth, int MaxHeight, bool OnlyResizeIfWider)

{
    System.Drawing.Image FullsizeImage = System.Drawing.Image.FromFile(OriginalFile);

    // Prevent using images internal thumbnail
    FullsizeImage.RotateFlip(System.Drawing.RotateFlipType.Rotate180FlipNone);
    FullsizeImage.RotateFlip(System.Drawing.RotateFlipType.Rotate180FlipNone);

    if (OnlyResizeIfWider)
    {
        if (FullsizeImage.Width <= NewWidth)
        {
            NewWidth = FullsizeImage.Width;
        }
    }

    int NewHeight = FullsizeImage.Height * NewWidth / FullsizeImage.Width;
    if (NewHeight > MaxHeight)
    {
        // Resize with height instead
        NewWidth = FullsizeImage.Width * MaxHeight / FullsizeImage.Height;
        NewHeight = MaxHeight;
    }

    System.Drawing.Image NewImage = FullsizeImage.GetThumbnailImage(NewWidth, NewHeight, null, IntPtr.Zero);

    // Clear handle to original file so that we can overwrite it if necessary
    FullsizeImage.Dispose();

    // Save resized picture
    NewImage.Save(NewFile);
}


4
2017-12-21 15:03



Aquí hay un método de extensión menos específico que funciona con Image en lugar de cargar y guardar por usted. También le permite especificar el método de interpolación y representa correctamente los bordes cuando usa la interpolación NearestNeighbour.

La imagen se representará dentro de los límites del área que especifique para que siempre sepa su ancho y alto de salida. p.ej:

Scaled within bounds

namespace YourApp
{
    #region Namespaces
    using System;
    using System.Drawing;
    using System.Drawing.Imaging;
    using System.Drawing.Drawing2D;
    #endregion

    /// <summary>Generic helper functions related to graphics.</summary>
    public static class ImageExtensions
    {
        /// <summary>Resizes an image to a new width and height value.</summary>
        /// <param name="image">The image to resize.</param>
        /// <param name="newWidth">The width of the new image.</param>
        /// <param name="newHeight">The height of the new image.</param>
        /// <param name="mode">Interpolation mode.</param>
        /// <param name="maintainAspectRatio">If true, the image is centered in the middle of the returned image, maintaining the aspect ratio of the original image.</param>
        /// <returns>The new image. The old image is unaffected.</returns>
        public static Image ResizeImage(this Image image, int newWidth, int newHeight, InterpolationMode mode = InterpolationMode.Default, bool maintainAspectRatio = false)
        {
            Bitmap output = new Bitmap(newWidth, newHeight, image.PixelFormat);

            using (Graphics gfx = Graphics.FromImage(output))
            {
                gfx.Clear(Color.FromArgb(0, 0, 0, 0));
                gfx.InterpolationMode = mode;
                if (mode == InterpolationMode.NearestNeighbor)
                {
                    gfx.PixelOffsetMode = PixelOffsetMode.HighQuality;
                    gfx.SmoothingMode = SmoothingMode.HighQuality;
                }

                double ratioW = (double)newWidth / (double)image.Width;
                double ratioH = (double)newHeight / (double)image.Height;
                double ratio = ratioW < ratioH ? ratioW : ratioH;
                int insideWidth = (int)(image.Width * ratio);
                int insideHeight = (int)(image.Height * ratio);

                gfx.DrawImage(image, new Rectangle((newWidth / 2) - (insideWidth / 2), (newHeight / 2) - (insideHeight / 2), insideWidth, insideHeight));
            }

            return output;
        }
    }
}

2
2018-01-10 13:34



Mantener aspecto Ración y eliminar letterbox y Pillarbox.

static Image FixedSize(Image imgPhoto, int Width, int Height)
    {
        int sourceWidth = imgPhoto.Width;
        int sourceHeight = imgPhoto.Height;
        int X = 0;
        int Y = 0;

        float nPercent = 0;
        float nPercentW = 0;
        float nPercentH = 0;

        nPercentW = ((float)Width / (float)sourceWidth);
        nPercentH = ((float)Height / (float)sourceHeight);
        if (nPercentH < nPercentW)
        {
            nPercent = nPercentH;
        }
        else
        {
            nPercent = nPercentW;
        }

        int destWidth = (int)(sourceWidth * nPercent);
        int destHeight = (int)(sourceHeight * nPercent);

        Bitmap bmPhoto = new Bitmap(destWidth, destHeight, PixelFormat.Format24bppRgb);

        bmPhoto.SetResolution(imgPhoto.HorizontalResolution,
                                         imgPhoto.VerticalResolution);

        Graphics grPhoto = Graphics.FromImage(bmPhoto);

        grPhoto.DrawImage(imgPhoto,
                new Rectangle(X, Y, destWidth, destHeight),
                new Rectangle(X, Y, sourceWidth, sourceHeight),
                GraphicsUnit.Pixel);

        grPhoto.Dispose();
        return bmPhoto;
    }

1
2018-05-05 08:05