Pregunta Diagnosticar la causa de la representación de vista lenta


No estoy seguro de cuándo comenzó esto, pero algo inusual está sucediendo en mi aplicación (ejecutada localmente en una máquina de desarrollo). De repente, veo mensajes como:

Started GET "/" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 12:10:24 +1300
Processing by PagesController#home as HTML
  Rendered pages/home.html.erb within layouts/application (2.4ms)
Completed 200 OK in 3242ms (Views: 3241.4ms | ActiveRecord: 0.0ms)

Como puede ver 3 segundos para cargar la página de inicio (una página relativamente simple) ... No estamos hablando de una recarga de página dura ... simplemente haciendo clic en el enlace "inicio" nuevamente desde otra página.

No estoy seguro de dónde comenzar aquí, pero esta es mi aplicación.rb:

#config/boot.rb is loaded
require File.expand_path('../boot', __FILE__)

require 'rails/all'

if defined?(Bundler)
  Bundler.require(*Rails.groups(:assets => %w(development test)))
end

module Goodsounds
  class Application < Rails::Application
    config.encoding = "utf-8"
    config.filter_parameters += [:password]
    config.assets.initialize_on_precompile = false
    config.assets.enabled = true
    config.action_controller.assets_dir = "#{File.dirname(File.dirname(__FILE__))}/public"
    config.assets.version = '1.0'
    config.autoload_paths += Dir["#{Rails.root}/lib/modules"]
    config.assets.paths += Dir["#{Rails.root}/app/assets/fonts/*"]
    config.assets.precompile += %w( .svg .eot .woff .ttf ) 
  end
end

... y dev.rb:

Goodsounds::Application.configure do
  # Settings specified here will take precedence over those in config/application.rb
    Paperclip.options[:command_path] = "/usr/bin/"

    config.action_mailer.default_url_options = { :host => 'localhost:3000' }

  config.action_mailer.raise_delivery_errors = true

  # set delivery method to :smtp, :sendmail or :test
  config.action_mailer.delivery_method = :smtp

  # these options are only needed if you choose smtp delivery

  config.action_mailer.smtp_settings = { :address => "localhost", :port => 1025 }

  # In the development environment your application's code is reloaded on
  # every request. This slows down response time but is perfect for development
  # since you don't have to restart the web server when you make code changes.
  config.cache_classes = false

  # Log error messages when you accidentally call methods on nil.
  config.whiny_nils = true

  # Show full error reports and disable caching
  config.consider_all_requests_local       = true
  config.action_controller.perform_caching = false

  # Print deprecation notices to the Rails logger
  config.active_support.deprecation = :log

  # Only use best-standards-support built into browsers
  config.action_dispatch.best_standards_support = :builtin

  # Raise exception on mass assignment protection for Active Record models
  config.active_re
cord.mass_assignment_sanitizer = :strict

  # Log the query plan for queries taking more than this (works
  # with SQLite, MySQL, and PostgreSQL)
  config.active_record.auto_explain_threshold_in_seconds = 0.5

  # Do not compress assets
  config.assets.compress = false

  # Expands the lines which load the assets
  config.assets.debug = true
end

EDITAR:

OK, esto es lo que estoy viendo en una nueva reliquia. Aunque no me ayuda mucho. ¿Alguna idea?

enter image description here

enter image description here

Ah, y lo que aprendí de la línea de tiempo de Chrome:

Send Request - Details
Duration    0 (at 655 ms)
Resource    localhost
Request Method  GET

Receive Response - Details
Duration    0.043 ms (at 4.17 s)
Resource    localhost
Status Code 200
MIME Type   text/html

Receive Data - Details
Duration    176.329 ms (at 4.17 s)
Self Time   7.037 ms
CPU Time    176.329 ms
Aggregated Time 061.194 ms114.664 ms0.471 ms0
Resource    localhost
Encoded Data Length 303 Bytes
Used Heap Size  29.1 MB (+5.7 MB)

Finish Loading - Details
Duration    0 (at 4.35 s)
Resource    localhost

Por cierto deshabilité la gema quiet_assets para ver lo que pude descubrir en la terminal ... de nuevo ... no es útil:

Started GET "/" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:40 +1300
Processing by PagesController#home as HTML
  Rendered pages/home.html.erb within layouts/application (43.4ms)
Completed 200 OK in 3501ms (Views: 3480.9ms | ActiveRecord: 19.4ms)


Started GET "/assets/dataTables/jquery.dataTables.bootstrap.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /dataTables/jquery.dataTables.bootstrap.css - 304 Not Modified (11ms)


Started GET "/assets/chosen.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /chosen.css - 304 Not Modified (5ms)


Started GET "/assets/select2.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /select2.css - 304 Not Modified (4ms)


Started GET "/assets/autocomplete.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /autocomplete.css - 304 Not Modified (1ms)


Started GET "/assets/branches.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /branches.css - 304 Not Modified (2ms)


Started GET "/assets/bubbles.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /bubbles.css - 304 Not Modified (1ms)


Started GET "/assets/business_show.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /business_show.css - 304 Not Modified (1ms)


Started GET "/assets/chunkyfive_font.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /chunkyfive_font.css - 304 Not Modified (1ms)


Started GET "/assets/consumer_show.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /consumer_show.css - 304 Not Modified (2ms)


Started GET "/assets/datatable_styling.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /datatable_styling.css - 304 Not Modified (1ms)


Started GET "/assets/datepicker.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /datepicker.css - 304 Not Modified (2ms)


Started GET "/assets/devise_links.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /devise_links.css - 304 Not Modified (1ms)


Started GET "/assets/dispenser_show.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /dispenser_show.css - 304 Not Modified (1ms)


Started GET "/assets/fonts.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /fonts.css - 304 Not Modified (1ms)


Started GET "/assets/forms.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /forms.css - 304 Not Modified (2ms)


Started GET "/assets/gmaps4rails.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /gmaps4rails.css - 304 Not Modified (1ms)


Started GET "/assets/jquery-ui-1.10.0.custom.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /jquery-ui-1.10.0.custom.css - 304 Not Modified (2ms)


Started GET "/assets/jumbotrons.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /jumbotrons.css - 304 Not Modified (1ms)


Started GET "/assets/layout.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /layout.css - 304 Not Modified (1ms)


Started GET "/assets/open_sans.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /open_sans.css - 304 Not Modified (2ms)


Started GET "/assets/popover.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /popover.css - 304 Not Modified (1ms)


Started GET "/assets/reviews.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /reviews.css - 304 Not Modified (1ms)


Started GET "/assets/spinner.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /spinner.css - 304 Not Modified (2ms)


Started GET "/assets/style_show.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /style_show.css - 304 Not Modified (2ms)


Started GET "/assets/style_show_reviews.css?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /style_show_reviews.css - 304 Not Modified (2ms)


Started GET "/assets/jquery.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /jquery.js - 304 Not Modified (3ms)


Started GET "/assets/jquery_ujs.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /jquery_ujs.js - 304 Not Modified (3ms)


Started GET "/assets/ui.custom.min.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /ui.custom.min.js - 304 Not Modified (1ms)


Started GET "/assets/bootstrap-transition.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /bootstrap-transition.js - 304 Not Modified (5ms)


Started GET "/assets/bootstrap-affix.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /bootstrap-affix.js - 304 Not Modified (3ms)


Started GET "/assets/bootstrap-alert.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /bootstrap-alert.js - 304 Not Modified (4ms)


Started GET "/assets/bootstrap-button.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /bootstrap-button.js - 304 Not Modified (5ms)


Started GET "/assets/bootstrap-carousel.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /bootstrap-carousel.js - 304 Not Modified (3ms)


Started GET "/assets/bootstrap-collapse.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /bootstrap-collapse.js - 304 Not Modified (3ms)


Started GET "/assets/bootstrap-dropdown.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /bootstrap-dropdown.js - 304 Not Modified (3ms)


Started GET "/assets/bootstrap-modal.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /bootstrap-modal.js - 304 Not Modified (3ms)


Started GET "/assets/bootstrap-scrollspy.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /bootstrap-scrollspy.js - 304 Not Modified (3ms)


Started GET "/assets/bootstrap-tab.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /bootstrap-tab.js - 304 Not Modified (3ms)


Started GET "/assets/bootstrap-tooltip.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /bootstrap-tooltip.js - 304 Not Modified (5ms)


Started GET "/assets/bootstrap-popover.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /bootstrap-popover.js - 304 Not Modified (52ms)


Started GET "/assets/bootstrap-typeahead.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /bootstrap-typeahead.js - 304 Not Modified (3ms)


Started GET "/assets/bootstrap.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /bootstrap.js - 304 Not Modified (13ms)


Started GET "/assets/gmaps4rails/gmaps4rails.base.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /gmaps4rails/gmaps4rails.base.js - 304 Not Modified (1ms)


Started GET "/assets/gmaps4rails/gmaps4rails.bing.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /gmaps4rails/gmaps4rails.bing.js - 304 Not Modified (2ms)


Started GET "/assets/gmaps4rails/gmaps4rails.googlemaps.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /gmaps4rails/gmaps4rails.googlemaps.js - 304 Not Modified (2ms)


Started GET "/assets/gmaps4rails/gmaps4rails.mapquest.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /gmaps4rails/gmaps4rails.mapquest.js - 304 Not Modified (2ms)


Started GET "/assets/gmaps4rails/gmaps4rails.openlayers.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /gmaps4rails/gmaps4rails.openlayers.js - 304 Not Modified (2ms)


Started GET "/assets/jqueryplugins/addresspicker.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /jqueryplugins/addresspicker.js - 304 Not Modified (2ms)


Started GET "/assets/jqueryplugins/browser_detect.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /jqueryplugins/browser_detect.js - 304 Not Modified (3ms)


Started GET "/assets/jqueryplugins/charts.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /jqueryplugins/charts.js - 304 Not Modified (2ms)


Started GET "/assets/jqueryplugins/jquery.alphanumeric.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /jqueryplugins/jquery.alphanumeric.js - 304 Not Modified (1ms)


Started GET "/assets/jqueryplugins/jquery.formrestrict.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /jqueryplugins/jquery.formrestrict.js - 304 Not Modified (2ms)


Started GET "/assets/jqueryplugins/jquery.lazyload.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /jqueryplugins/jquery.lazyload.js - 304 Not Modified (1ms)


Started GET "/assets/jqueryplugins/raty.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /jqueryplugins/raty.js - 304 Not Modified (2ms)


Started GET "/assets/dataTables/jquery.dataTables.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /dataTables/jquery.dataTables.js - 304 Not Modified (13ms)


Started GET "/assets/dataTables/jquery.dataTables.bootstrap.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /dataTables/jquery.dataTables.bootstrap.js - 304 Not Modified (63ms)


Started GET "/assets/lib/abstract-chosen.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /lib/abstract-chosen.js - 304 Not Modified (12ms)


Started GET "/assets/lib/select-parser.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /lib/select-parser.js - 304 Not Modified (12ms)


Started GET "/assets/chosen.jquery.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /chosen.jquery.js - 304 Not Modified (8ms)


Started GET "/assets/chosen-jquery.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /chosen-jquery.js - 304 Not Modified (9ms)


Started GET "/assets/select2.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /select2.js - 304 Not Modified (7ms)


Started GET "/assets/highcharts.js?body=1" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-10 21:46:44 +1300
Served asset /highcharts.js - 304 Not Modified (1ms)

Por cierto, según una sugerencia en reddit precompilé activos y ejecuté el servidor. Al ver fantásticas velocidades:

Processing by PagesController#home as HTML
Rendered pages/home.html.erb within layouts/application (1.1ms)
Completed 200 OK in 6ms (Views: 5.4ms | ActiveRecord: 0.0ms)

Ok, no estoy seguro si esto proporciona alguna ayuda o no, pero la mayor demora ocurre entre estas dos líneas de código en la pila:

From: /home/funkdified/.rvm/gems/ruby-1.9.3-p392@goodsounds/gems/actionpack-3.2.13.rc1/lib/action_controller/metal/implicit_render.rb @ line 5 ActionController::ImplicitRender#send_action:

    3: def send_action(method, *args)
    4:   ret = super
 => 5:   default_render unless response_body
    6:   ret
    7: end

[2] pry(#<PagesController>)> next

MAYOR RETRASO

From: /home/funkdified/.rvm/gems/ruby-1.9.3-p392@goodsounds/gems/actionpack-3.2.13.rc1/lib/action_controller/metal/implicit_render.rb @ line 6 ActionController::ImplicitRender#send_action:

    3: def send_action(method, *args)
    4:   ret = super
    5:   default_render unless response_body
 => 6:   ret
    7: end

73
2018-03-09 23:17


origen


Respuestas:


Ok, lo descubrí (por fin). Sin cambiar ninguno de mis activos reales, ahora veo que esto es desarrollo:

Started GET "/" for 127.0.0.1 at 2013-03-11 23:14:33 +1300
Processing by PagesController#home as HTML
Rendered pages/home.html.erb within layouts/application (1.3ms)

Resulta que el retraso fue causado por config.assets.debug = true dentro de development.rb. Configurando esto para false resuelve el problema

Parece que el equipo central de Rails debatió apagándolo por defecto, pero decidió contra la idea. En el futuro, me encantaría que pongan algo en la sección de comentarios de development.rb para informar a los usuarios del potencial de retrasos significativos.

Puedo sugerir lo siguiente:

# Expands the lines which load the assets 
# May cause significant delays in view rendering

Genial, me escucharon murmurar y carriles actualizados!


106
2018-03-11 10:29



El mismo problema me ha surgido en los rieles 4.1+. La respuesta de Abram es solo parcialmente completa.

Puedes irte config.assets.debug = true pero debería deshabilitar la nueva característica de verificación de activos

# Adds additional error checking when serving assets at runtime.
# Checks for improperly declared sprockets dependencies.
# Raises helpful error messages.
config.assets.raise_runtime_errors = false

Solución con config.assets.debug desactivado solo funciona porque compila activos una vez y los activos se verifican una vez. La verificación de activos es donde se gasta la mayor parte del tiempo.


31
2017-10-21 16:22



Si vienes de los rieles 3.2.13, ten en cuenta que un grupo de personas ha experimentado este problema y volver a 3.2.12 parece resolverlo. Puedes encontrar más información aquí en github.

En mi caso, deshabilitar config.assets.debug aceleró un poco, pero volviendo a 3.2.12 el tiempo de solicitud disminuyó de alrededor de 4 segundos a alrededor de 250 ms.


8
2018-03-20 21:45



Echa un vistazo a NewRelic.com - Cuesta, pero la versión de prueba gratuita le permitirá analizar completamente su aplicación y averiguar dónde están los cuellos de botella.

Además de New Relic, ejecuta los controles habituales, p. ¿Cuándo empezo? ¿Qué has cambiado recientemente? ¿Has actualizado Rails y / o gemas? Echa un vistazo y ejecuta algunas versiones anteriores desde tu control de origen e intenta averiguar qué commit ha causado el problema.

¿El problema ocurre con todos los navegadores? Intenta encender el visor de línea de tiempo de Chrome y podrás ver si el navegador se está quedando atrapado en un fragmento de JavaScript en particular.

También intente cambiar el servidor web de desarrollo local a delgado, ¿el problema persiste?

¡Buena suerte!


2
2018-03-10 00:21



¿Estás en OSX y sirviendo a través de .local?

Si es así, publicaré la publicación que encontré en mis comentarios como una solución:
La restricción de subdominio (Rails 3) hace que el servidor local (thin) SO LENTO


0
2018-03-10 17:03